A Activity diagram used in UML 6/9 and SysML B Bachman diagram Booch used in software engineering Block diagram Block Definition Diagram BDD used in SysML C Carroll diagram Cartogram Catalytic cycle Chemical equation Curly arrow diagram Category theory diagrams Cause-and-effect diagram Chord diagram Circuit diagram Class diagram from UML 1/9 Collaboration diagram from UML 2.0 Communication diagram from UML 2.0 Commutative diagram Comparison diagram Component diagram from UML 3/9 Composite structure diagram from UML 2.0 Concept map Constellation diagram Context diagram Control flow diagram Contour diagram Cordier diagram Cross functional flowchart D Data model diagram Data flow diagram Data structure diagram Dendrogram Dependency diagram Deployment diagram from UML 9/9 Dot and cross diagram Double bubble map used in education Drakon-chart E Entity-Relationship diagram ERD Event-driven process chain Euler diagram Eye diagram a diagram of a received telecommunications signal Express-G Extended Functional Flow Block Diagram EFFBD F Family tree Feynman diagram Flow chart Flow process chart Flow diagram Fusion diagram Free body diagram G Gantt chart shows the timing of tasks or activities used in project management Grotrian diagram Goodman diagram shows the fatigue data example: for a wind turbine blades H Hasse diagram HIPO diagram I Internal Block Diagram IBD used in SysML IDEF0 IDEF1 entity relations Interaction overview diagram from UML Ishikawa diagram J Jackson diagram K Karnaugh map Kinematic diagram L Ladder diagram Line of balance Link grammar diagram M Martin ERD Message Sequence Chart Mind map used for learning, brainstorming, memory, visual thinking and problem solving Minkowski spacetime diagram Molecular orbital diagram N N2 Nassi Shneiderman diagram or structogram a representation for structured programming Nomogram Network diagram O Object diagram from UML 2/9 Organigram Onion diagram also known as "stacked Venn diagram" P Package diagram from UML 4/9 and SysML Parametric diagram from SysML PERT Petri net shows the structure of a distributed system as a directed bipartite graph with annotations Phylogenetic tree - represents a phylogeny evolutionary relationships among groups of organisms Piping and instrumentation diagram P&ID Phase diagram used to present solid/liquid/gas information Plant Diagram Pressure volume diagram used to analyse engines Pourbaix diagram Process flow diagram or PFD used in chemical engineering Program structure diagram R Radar chart Radial Diagram Requirement Diagram Used in SysML Rich Picture R-diagram Routing diagram S Sankey diagram represents material, energy or cost flows with quantity proportional arrows in a process network. Sentence diagram represents the grammatical structure of a natural language sentence. Sequence diagram from UML 8/9 and SysML SDL/GR diagram Specification and Description Language. SDL is a formal language used in computer science. Smith chart Spider chart Spray diagram SSADM Structured Systems Analysis and Design Methodology used in software engineering Star chart/Celestial sphere State diagram are used for state machines in software engineering from UML 7/9 Swim lane Syntax diagram used in software engineering to represent a context-free grammar Systems Biology Graphical Notation a graphical notation used in diagrams of biochemical and cellular processes studied in Systems biology System context diagram System structure Systematic layout planning T Timing Diagram: Digital Timing Diagram Timing Diagram: UML 2.0 TQM Diagram Treemap U UML diagram Unified Modeling Language used in software engineering Use case diagram from UML 5/9 and SysML V Value Stream Mapping Venn diagram Voronoi diagram W Warnier-Orr Williot diagram Y Yourdon-Coad see Edward Yourdon, used in software engineering
Salts: Hydrolysis occurs when salt from a weak base or acid dissolves in liquid. When this occurs, water spontaneously ionizes into hydroxide anions and hydronium cations. This is the most common type of hydrolysis. Acid: Water can act as an acid or a base, according to the Bronsted Lowry acid theory. In this case, the water molecule would give away a proton.
Energy diagram for Cel7A hydrolysis of a glycosidic bond in insoluble cellulose. The abscissa is the reaction path as discussed in the main text and illustrated by the schematics and equations below the figure. The ordinate shows changes in free energy ...
TR 2093 For the base case design, the hydrolysis section is run with a solids loading of 20 wt %, with 3 feed stages, at 4SoC and pH 5.0, and with a total residence time of 48 hours. Enzymes produced in the enzyme production section are continuously fed along with process water to the first hydrolysis feed stage.
Nanocellulose production diagram via enzymatic hydrolysis The process between the steps, according to the enumerations: The first stage (I), consists of the pretreatment of lignocellulosic biomass. The objective of this pretreatment applied in lignocellulose is to break the interconnecting structure of its composition.
27.2.1 Enzymatic Hydrolysis Protein hydrolysis is carried out by chemical and enzymatic methods. Most of the enzymes used for protein hydrolysis are from animal sources (such as pancreatin and pepsin), plant sources (such as papain from papaya, ficin from fig,...
Hydrolysis, in chemistry and physiology, a double decomposition reaction with water as one of the reactants. Thus, if a compound is represented by the formula AB in which A and B are atoms or groups and water is represented by the formula HOH, the hydrolysis reaction may be represented by the reversible chemical equation AB HOH ⇌ AH BOH.
hydrolysis of the cellulose fraction of lignocellulose. Similar changes in the molecular weights of the. hemicellulose fraction indicates that hemicellulose and cellulose are always together in the recalcitrant. substrates during enzymatic hydrolysis.
An enzyme is a protein that can control the rate of biochemical reactions. In enzymatic hydrolysis reactions, an enzyme incorporates a water molecule across the bond, allowing it to break. In enzymatic hydrolysis reactions, an enzyme incorporates a water molecule across the bond, allowing it to break.
Prior to enzymatic hydrolysis, the feedstocks require pretreatment to weaken or eliminate the strong bonds between cellulose, hemicellulose, and lignin. An effective pretreatment could improve the accessibility of enzymes to cellulose during subsequent enzymatic hydrolysis conversion into glucose .